Shaykh Muhammad al-Tahir Ibn Ashur is the most renowned Zaytuna Imam and one of the great Islamic scholars of the 20th century. Ibn ʿĀs̲h̲ūr. ( words)., patronymic of a family of Idrīsid descent and Moroccan origin which settled in Muslim, Spain. It is said that ʿĀs̲h̲ūr, fleeing from. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn ‘Ashur is the author of Ibn Ashur ( avg rating, 12 ratings, 1 review, published ) and Book-in-Brief ( avg rating, 0 rati.

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He is famous for rejecting Habib Bourguiba ‘s president of Tunisia request for a fatwa to justify abandoning the fast of the month of Ramadan because it harmed productivity. However, its intent is universal and so must ign intelligible everywhere.

He suggested that comments seemingly to the contrary from Imam al-Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal must be distortions of their work. Ibn Ashur says that a weak hadith is open to error, and qiyas is open to error, but in addition, the weak hadith may be a lie and the consequence of using it would be worse than using qiyas. He was a writer and author on the subject of reforming Islamic education and jurisprudence. It was clear to him that the lack of ijtihad had grave consequences.

Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. This article’s use of external links may not follow Wikipedia’s policies or guidelines. Muhammad al-Tahir ibn Ashur was born in Tunis in to an affluent family and died in ign age Therefore, the maqasid of the shari’ah ign be engaged. He thus turns the classical reading around, while still connecting the Prophetic history with the Qur’anic text in a more logical way.


Further, while written words are less subject to distortion, the spoken word is actually more likely to convey the speaker’s intent.

Ibn Ashyr saw this literal-mindedness to be represented by the Zahiri position. The shari’ah came down in the Arabic language to the Arabic people, and therefore its coloring and style are Arabic.

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His grandfather was especially renowned. Ibn Ashur claimed that the basis of shari’ah must be rational. He was a teacher at Zaytuna all his life. In fact, to stubbornly hold onto superficialities without understanding the intent axhur to “expose the shari’ah to being dismissed disdainfully. He claimed that the discipline of usul al-fiqh had reached its limits and become over-burdened with methodological technicalities.

Ibn Ashur : Muhammad Al-Tahir Ibn Ashur :

Retrieved from ” https: Influenced by a visit to Tunisia by Muhammad Abduh, Ibn Ashur combined knowledge of the classics with a desire to revive Islamic civilization. His strongest argument against it is that the literal occasions that the Zahiri hold onto are quite limited, but that people around the world encounter many more. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. However, in Ibn ‘Ashur’s interpretation, 9: Ibn Ashur asserted the view that language is fundamentally ambiguous and is not enough to determine the intent of a speaker.


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Appropriate legal responses to situations in the modern world cannot be found by delving deeper and deeper into the meaning of a word. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Le Cheikh-el-islam Tahar Ben Achour”. He was of Andalusian origin.

This tells us that the law is based on reason. He said, “One of the greatest things required by the universality of the shari’ah is that its rules be equal for all the communities following it to the utmost extent possible, because similarity in the flow of rules and laws is a help for achieving group unity in the community. He is best remembered for his Qur’anic exegesis, al-Tahrir wa’l-tanwir The Verification and Enlightenment.

His references to the great works of law are respectful, but he does not hesitate to point out shortcomings. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Responding to modern challenges to Islamic traditions, Ibn Ashur called for substantive reforms in Islamic education. Ibn Ashur called for ijtihad in the strongest terms. Mohamed Fadhel Ben Achour. Views Read Edit View history. Instead, legislative value should be sought from the totality of shari’ah.