Hamdan Khodja (Q). Algerian academic. Hamdan ben Othman Khodja. edit. Language, Label, Description, Also known as. English. Hamdan Khodja. See more of Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum | Fazza on Facebook. Log In. or. Create New Account. See more of Hamdan Bin Mohammed Bin. Hamdan Khodja is the author of Le Miroir ( avg rating, 5 ratings, 1 review, published ).

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This reminds me of how the French gave importance to some Marabouts and zawiyasand also how the Algerian government is doing the same today. These people being the Turksthe Kouloughlisthe Moors and also the Kabyles and Arabs who settled in the cities and adopted their customs.

You are commenting using your WordPress. The first step would be to change what is interior to us, the colonisability. Were we colonized because we were not enough strong to defend ourselves? A major part of the second part was dedicated to the French behaviour in Algeria.

Hamdan Khodja | Revolvy

Even when Muslim states conquered other countries, it was never because they felt they were superior. The second way is more respectable, the Turks spread justice and impartiality this unfortunately is an aspect forgotten by the Algerian government. But while stating these differences, Khodja insists that all are united within the Regency.

He depicts the Kabyles and the Arabs who live on the mountains and plains respectively as simple people, brave and war-lovers. Hamdan then explained that the French had no right to tax the Algerians, mainly because they were unable to guarantee security outside of the city of Algiers, and also because they are not Muslims and many of the taxes they claimed they wanted the Algerians to pay them as they did for the Turks were based on Islam. He also blames Dey Hussein because he had appointed this useless man, the right man in the right place as the saying goes.

He talked of the massacres perpetrated by the French army in several places in Algeria and he gave the example of Blida. Stagnation on our side and movement on theirs. Which brings me to an important point: But Hamdan says the population amounted to 10 million people who, he says, have the right to be free in their own country. On the other hand, the people who live in the cities such as Algiers are more sophisticated, richer and more knowledgeable.


Biography Khodja was born in Algiers, Algeria, in to a family of Turkish origin belonging to the high administration of the regency.

Hamdan Khodja – Wikipedia

Perhaps because he lost faith in a French withdrawal? Algiers attacked by the French marine, 29 June – Theodore Gudin. The book then mentions the Ottoman government and how the Turks controlled these tough Arab and Kabyle tribes.

Learn how your comment data is processed. As a “kouloughli”, which was a term used to refer to the offspring of Turkish men and Algerian women, Khodja received an excellent education and jamdan well travelled. In the first part, Hamdan Khodja describes the different populations living in the Regency.

Le Miroir: Aperçu Historique et Statistique sur la Régence d’Alger

At many occasions, he said the Muslims are usually either too optimistic or too pessimistic when all we need to get the correct analysis is to be fair, honest and fearless of seeing our bad sides. Furthermore, Khodja wrote the book ” Le Miroir ” in which he denounced the encroachments by French soldiers in Algiers, thus becoming the first essayist on this subject; it was translated into French and printed in Paris in Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Hamdan explains that the population paid taxes to the government in exchange for security and protection.

Last, I disagree when you say the white Europeans are the only to blame for what happened to the Native Americans. When he became a victim of the French conquest ofhe sent a petition to King Louis Philippe to complain about the atrocities committed against him by the French Army.

Hamdan Khodja mentioned a second book to come but he never wrote it. Notify me of new comments via email. As much as we should work on our colonisability, the Europeans should work on their colonisity.

He wrote the book ” Le Miroir ” in which he denounced the encroachments by French soldiers in Algiers, thus becoming the first essayist on this subject. Unfortunately the future tells us that he was mistaken and colonialism had stronger arguments. You are commenting using your Twitter account. What solution did we find? So the Turks, who understood this fact, chose a way around it. He imagined things would happen like in Egypt with Napoleonand someone, an Algerian Muhammad Aliwould emerge and modernise Algeria the French invasion would act as a catalyst.

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Then a chapter comes on the decadence of the government. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Bennabi once gave an interesting example: You are right, the people cherished many great values.

At the beginning I was thinking it was a way to trick them by recalling the best in their civilisation, but the more I read and the more I became convinced that he really believed the French would act as honourable men. It basically denies every negative point, or blames it on those who replaced Clauzel.

One Night with You film. Hamdan ben Othman Khodja was an Algerian dignitary and scholar.

Fill in your details below or jamdan an icon to log in: As to your comment, I think Bennabi became famous for his colonisability concept because he was the first to introduce it in this very accurate manner, but his analysis was more global. He even advised the French to leave Algeria promising benefits for both parts.

Yes indeed I understand what you mean, …the people were divided in a tribal like social system and devoted to the marabou worshiping… compared to what was happening in Europe, at that time, our people seemed to be sleeping… drifting away from the world civilization flow, but still when you read the book people are portrayed as honourable people who had a code of honour who lived peacefully in their land and that was enough for them.

It tells us how our forbears were…honorable, and brave people. The strength we need to prevent colonisation is not necessary in the military. The country stagnated for many ,hodja and it is unfortunately back into stagnation again. The last point in this first part was reserved to the government and the different positions and responsibilities one could find in the system a description of who does what.