Our guest this week is Swiss historian Dr. Daniele Ganser, author of the seminal book NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism. Buy NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation GLADIO and Terrorism in Western Europe (Contemporary Security Studies) 1 by Ganser Daniele (ISBN: ). For the first time in this book, Daniele Ganser has brought together the full story of the networks the Italians came to call ‘Gladio’. This is a significant and.
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It must be stated here at the outset of the book that all quotes other than from English originals are translations by the author, who alone bears responsibility for their accuracy.
Partisan warfare has taught that in case of doubt first you shoot, and then you go and see who lies on the ground.
Former CIA agent Philip Ageewho was sharply criticized in the US for having revealed sensitive information, insisted that “paramilitary groups, directed by CIA officers, operated in the sixties throughout Europe [and he stressed that] perhaps no activity of the CIA could be as clearly linked to the glsdio of internal subversion.
When France tried to deny its involvement in the international Gladio network Andreotti mercilessly declared that France as well had secretly participated in the most recent Gladio ACC meeting which had taken place in Brussels but a few weeks ago on October 23 and 24, Newspaper editors and military advisers in Paris, London and Washington feared that the Gladio story might seriously damage the image of numerous Western democracies and above all destabilise the preparations for the Second Gulf War.
In the absence of a Soviet invasion the secret anti-Communist paramilitary unit set glaido by the CIA carried out domestic operations and manipulated the political framework.
Passionate calls for a parliamentary investigation of the secret army and its suspected 15 involvement in the right-wing military coup of followed in Greece but were defeated by the acting conservative government. Contrary to the Red Brigades who ended up in jail, the terrorists of the right mysteriously escaped after each massacre because, as Vinciguerra correctly pointed out, the security apparatus of the Italian state and the military secret services protected them.
In Switzerland, a secret force called P was discovered, by coincidence, a few months before Giulio Andreotti’s October revelations. This knowledge meant that Casson for some time was in serious danger, of which he was aware, for Italian judges with too much knowledge had been shot in the streets of Italy before: Carlo Schmid declared to the press: Webarchive template wayback links Articles with French-language external links CS1 Italian-language sources it Articles with Italian-language external links All articles with dead external links Articles with dead external links from February CS1 maint: Member of Parliament Hermann Scheer, defence expert of the Gnser Socialist Party SPDcriticised that this mysterious right-wing network might well be some sort of a ‘Ku-Klux-Klan’, designed more for clandestine operations against the population and the opposition than for an unlikely Soviet invasion.
Wenn man dieses Buch liest, erkennt man, was da gerade in der Ukraine passiert, denn es ist schon mehrfach passiert, und die NATO verwendet immer noch die alten Methoden der 60er Jahre und irgendwie fallen die Leute doch immer noch darauf hinein. For among the numerous obstacles that arose during the years of research many gladoi the ones predicted.
Only very, very glasio positioned politicians and some members of the union knew about it”. Everybody knew that if for an operation he lacked an expert in explosives or in telecommunications or in repression, he could without problems address another country because the agents had been trained in the same techniques and used the same materials.
NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe by Daniele Ganser
So we have evidence for cooperation, let’s say, for cooperation between the UK and Italy. Gaser State Department stated that the accusations of US-sponsored “false flag” operations are rehashed former Soviet disinformation based on documents that the Soviets forged; specifically the Westmoreland Field Manualwhose forged nature was confirmed by former KGB operatives, following the end of the Cold War.
The bomb gravely wounded one and killed three members of the Carabinieri, Italy’s paramilitary police force. Retrieved 19 June Gadio spokesman left journalists only with a short communique which said that NATO never commented on matters of military secrecy and that Marcotta should not have said anything at all. In order to draw attention to the involvement of foreign nations, Gladuo employed an effective but somewhat awkward strategy.
He states that any re-examination of intelligence support to SHAPE should include the question of increasing and expediting the flow of clandestine intelligence. Later he admitted that indeed a secret network had also been erected in Belgium after the Second World War ‘to collect information in case of a Soviet invasion’. Such a doctrine claims that certain governments would not act sufficiently against Communists, and were thus not worth being informed on the activities of NATO’s secret army.
Inthen-Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers told the Dutch Parliament that his office was running a secret organisation that had been set up inside the Dutch defence ministry in glzdio s, but denied it was supervised directly by NATO or other foreign bodies. Retrieved from ” https: Truman observed the installation of Communist puppet regimes in Poland, East Germany, Hungary, Romania and Czechoslovakia with great unease as, according to the doctrine of limited sovereignty, Stalin placed the countries of Eastern Europe under the control of local oligarchs, the brutal Soviet military and the Soviet secret service KGB.
Gualtieri was annoyed but assented gwnser and sent the document back to Andreotti’s Palazzo Chigi after photocopies had been made. During an official visit he paid to Scotland he pointed out that he was ‘proud and happy’ for his bit in setting the secret army up as junior Defence Minister of the DCI in the s.
In numerous countries, from the 40s to the 90s, such as Belgium, Italy, France, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Turkey, these right-wing Trojan Horse forces controlled mainly by the United States, engaged in massacres, torture, multiple coups d’etat, and other violence.
Inthe Swedish media claimed that a secret stay-behind army had existed in neutral Finland with ganseg exile base in Stockholm.
Operation Gladio – Wikipedia
Retrieved from ” https: Together they had engineered the Peteano terror and then wrongly blamed the militant extreme Italian left, the Red Brigades. Somewhat embarrassed, French Defence Minister Jean Pierre Chevenement thereafter attempted to limit the damage by claiming 17 that the Gnaser secret army had been completely passive. Judge Casson, meanwhile from the testimonies of Peteano terrorist Vincenzo Vinciguerra and the documents he had discovered, started to understand the glacio complex secret military strategy that had been employed.
During the war he had been exiled again only to be dropped shortly before the end of the war into Norway to blow up transportation lines there.
NATO’s Secret Armies: Operation Gladio and Terrorism in Western Europe
It was hidden in the military secret service Forsvarets Efterretningstjeneste FE. To establish the networks the CIA and others recruited individuals willing to participate in these dangerous activities, often allowing such initial, or chief, agents to recruit additional sub-agents. There were only three copies, one of which Hillenkoetter had ‘closely guarded in the Director’s office, where members of his own staff who did not “need to know” could gain no access to it’. The same year, the European Parliament sharply condemned NATO and the United States in a resolution for having manipulated European politics with the stay-behind armies.
The US State Department stated in that Ganser had been taken in by long-discredited Cold-War era disinformation and “fooled by the forgery”. Were the agents of the state in fact responsible for an unexplained wave of terrorist killings? State Department stated in that Ganser had been taken in by long-discredited Cold-War era disinformation and “fooled by the forgery”. Gannser was done under the strictest secrecy procedures, with for instance a forged passport.
Olav Riste of the Norwegian Institute for Defence Studieswriting yladio the journal Intelligence and National Securitymentions several instances where his own research on the stay-behind network in Norway was twisted by Ganser and concludes that “A detailed refutation of the many unfounded allegations that Ganser accepts as historical findings would fill an entire book”.
Member glario Parliament Pelle Voigt, who had raised the Gladio question in parliament, noticed that ‘the Defence Minister’s answer was contradictory and an indirect confirmation of the fact that Denmark, too, had its secret network’.