By looking at these seminal ideas, Architecture: Form, Space, and Order encourages the reader to look critically at the built environment and. Francis D. K. Ching Architecture Form, Space, and Order Wiley () (1) Data: Ching, Frank, Architecture: form, space, & order / Francis D.K. Ching. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data: Ching, Frank, Architecture-form, space, & order / Francis D.K. Ching. – 3rd ed. p. cm. Includes.

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If openings are introduced between the enclosing planes at all four corners of a space, the individual identity of the planes will be reinforced and diagonal or pinwheel patterns of space, use, and movement will be encouraged. All to form an integrated whole having a unifying or coherent structure. The drawings made me want to work harder and become a better designer.

Francis D. K. Ching Architecture Form, Space, and Order Wiley () (1) | Moon Life –

Since the parallel planes do not meet to form corners and fully enclose the field, the space is extroverted in nature. At what point do these formal deviations become an acuteangle? It can adapt to changes in topography, maneuver around a body of water or a stand of trees, or turn to orient spaces to capture d.k.zrchitecture and views. Like the triangle, the square is stable when resting on one of its sides and dynamic when standing on one of its spade.

Three or more columns can be arranged to define the corners of a volume of space. The advice and strategies contained herein may not be suitable for your situation.

In a similar way, it might be appropriate to be able to recognize the basic elements of form and space and understand how they can be manipulated and organized in the development of a design concept, before addressing the more vital issue of meaning in architecture.


Linear spafe and d.k.arhcitecture together form a three-dimensional framework for architectural space. This contrast in form may indicate a functional difference between the two spaces or the symbolic importance of the contained space.

Its primary orientation is along the axis about which the planes are symmetrical.

Architecture: Form, Space, & Order, 4th Edition

The overall form of a building can be endowed with a distinctly planar quality by carefully introducing openings that expose the edges of vertical and horizontal planes. The character of a line, whether taut or limp, bold or tentative, graceful or ragged, is determined by our perception of its length—width ratio, its contour, and its degree of continuity.

A U-shaped building form can also serve as a container and can organize within its field a cluster of forms and spaces. Since we constantly search for regularity and continuity within our field of vision, we tend to regularize or smooth out slight irregularities in the forms we see. Sep 18, Satitiwikan sunowo rated it it was amazing Shelves: To accommodate the specific dimensional requirements of its spaces or to articulate zones of space for circulation or service, a grid can be made irregular in one or two directions.

When its diagonals are vertical and horizontal, however, the square exists in a balanced state of equilibrium. In this fourth edition, major changes consist of the addition of more than two dozen contemporary examples, selected to illustrate the new forms that go beyond the timeless elements of basic statics—the columns, beams, and load-bearing walls of stable constructions that are fixed in time and space.

A corner condition can be visually reinforced by introducing a separate and distinct elementthat is independent of the surfaces it joins. In the normal situation where a wall is used to define and enclose a space or series of spaces, an entrance is accommodated by an opening in the plane of the wall.

Whereas a point is by nature static, a line, in describing the path of a point in motion, is capable of visually expressing direction, movement, and growth. Symmetrical curved surfaces, such as domes and barrel vaults, are inherently stable. The degree of visual and spatial continuity that occurs between two adjacent spaces depends on the nature of the plane that both separates and binds them together.


Architecture : Form, Space, and Order by Francis D. K. Ching (2014, Paperback / Online Resource)

Jan 05, FloorM rated it really liked it. Shape is the primary identifying characteristic of a plane. Bust of Queen Nefertiti The pattern of eye movement of a person viewing the figure, from research by Alfred L. Centralized Form A number of secondary forms clustered about a dominant, central parent-form These diagrams categorize additive forms according rrank the nature of the relationships that exist among the component forms as well as their overall configurations.

Michel, France, 13th century and later. When arranged in a parallel series to support an overhead floor or roof plane, bearing walls define linear slots of space with strong directional qualities. When two-feet high, a plane defines the edge of a spatial field but provides little or no sense of enclosure.

As we experience ordfr forms in our environment, we should be able to perceive in their structure the existence of the primary elements of point, line, plane, and volume. As with centralized organizations, the central space of a radial organization is generally regular in form. These seminal ideas transcend their historical context and encourage speculation: Its form can be manipulated to control the quality of light or sound within a space.