Atelerix algirus is endemic to the Mediterranean region, occurring across North Africa from Morocco to Libya, in Spain, and on a number of islands including the . The North African hedgehog (Atelerix algirus), or Algerian hedgehog, is a species of mammal in the family Erinaceidae. It is found in Algeria, Libya, Malta. Atelerix algirus (Lereboullet, ) Taxonomic (Download Help) Atelerix algirus TSN Subspecies, Atelerix algirus girbanensis Vesmanis,
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Vriends, Communication Channels acoustic Perception Channels visual tactile acoustic chemical Food Habits North African hedgehogs are generalist omnivores. The North African hedgehog closely resembles the European hedgehog but there are several distinct differences between the two species.
Atelerix algirus – Algerian hedgehog (Species Link Page)
However, other mammals could constitute potential reservoir hosts in Tunisia and other North African countries. The following 2 pages uses this file: North African hedgehogs often wlgirus pest insects in gardens and populated areas. Atelerix Four-toed hedgehog A. In addition, hedgehogs often make purring noises when content. The dorsal surface of Atelerix algirus is covered in sharp spines made of tough keratin. Vegetation is typically sparse, though spectacular blooms may occur following rain.
C Cleveland, M McGinley, eds. Compiled by Stone; R. North African hedgehogs prefer arid climates, but are found in a broad range of habitats including dry Mediterranean scrub, grasslands, pastures, cultivated fields, semi-desert, and gardens.
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Because this species of hedgehog is native to Africait has been suggested that it was introduced by humans to the other countries where it is now found, including France and Spain including the Canary Islands. Accessed April 04, at http: Like other mammals, however, females invest heavily in their offspring through gestation and lactation.
Vriends, Communication and Perception Nothing is known about communication in the wild for Atelerix algirus. Algirys threatened, it curls into a ball and displays its spiny exterior to deter predators. Atleerix also Tropical savanna and grassland biome.
They also have larger ears, longer snouts, and longer legs than Erinaceus europaeus. Little is known about the lifespan of Atelerix algirus. Accessed December 31, at https: Glossary Palearctic living in the northern part of the Old World. North African hedgehogs produce two litters per breeding season. Using morphological characteristics, all specimens were described and measured.
The underbelly of this animal can vary in colour and is often either brown or white. Hutterer, ; Nogales, et al. Ecological effects and distribution of invasive non-native mammals on the Canary Islands. Salt limits the ability of plants to take up water through their roots.
Savannas are algirua with scattered individual trees that do not form a closed canopy. In dunes near seas and oceans this is compounded by the influence of salt in the air and soil. Breeding season Breeding occurs from October to March. Biopsies from liver, heart, kidney and spleen of each animal were used to extract genomic DNA, which was further used in PCR assays to assess the presence of Leishmania parasites.
Fire and grazing are important in the long-term maintenance of grasslands. This is because sand does not hold water well so little is available to plants.
This page was last edited on 8 Aprilat It can be found in other warmer regions as well, including parts of Francethe Canary Islandsand the Balearics. The hoglet is born blind, but gains vision quickly. Though we edit our accounts for accuracy, we atelsrix guarantee all information in those accounts. They are also found near human populations.
File:Erizo moruno (Atelerix algirus).jpg
They are one of two species hybridized to create domesticated hedgehogs. Animals with bilateral symmetry have algiru and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository.
World Wildlife Fund,M. Results were confirmed by direct sequencing of amplified fragments. Mammal Species of the World: Like most hedgehogs in the Mediterranean, Atelerix algirus is most likely in decline, but not enough is known about their population size to be certain.
North African hedgehog
In dune areas vegetation is also sparse and conditions are dry. North African hedgehogs use their sharp spines to atellerix predators and are also cryptically colored. I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby publish it under the following licenses:. This page was last edited on 14 Augustat