Amadeo Bordiga Party and Class. First Published: “Partito e classe”, Rassegna Comunista, no 2, April 15, ; Source. A article by Amadeo Bordiga on the role which Germany played in the two world wars and which the author expected it to play in a future communist. Amadeo Bordiga was an Italian Marxist, a contributor to Communist theory, the founder of the Communist Party of Italy, a leader of the Communist Internat.

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In that short article, I noted that its avowed pragmatism revealed a gradualist tendency that would no doubt lead to concessions to a new kind of reformism, and even right-wing opportunism. In the early stages, another important debate took place concerning the admission criteria of the parties that asked to be included in the Communist International. The Paris Commune was violently put down and its defeat opened a period of relatively pacific development of capitalism which gave birth to revisionist or opportunistic theories whose very existence proved the falling back of the revolution.

Consequently the reconstitution of the class strength of the world proletariat has been very much delayed, made more difficult and will require a greater effort.

March Learn how and when to remove this template message. Your abstentionism with respect to everyday political tactics has been accused of leading the Party to a state of inertia and paralysis.

The prospect of a great election campaign and the foreseeable triumph of the only party that had truly opposed the bloody and disastrous war of was rejected in my speech as a diversion from the tension that was growing among the Italian masses due to their immense blood sacrifice on the battlefield and the dire economic crisis at the aftermath of the war.

It is the organisation of the minority which has, collectively, reached and mastered revolutionary tactics in theory and in practice; in other words, which sees clearly the general objectives of the historic movement of the proletariat in the whole world and for the whole of the historical course which separates the period of its formation from that of its final victory.

Quite on the contrary, it is only on a historical basis that questions of class and party strategy and tactics can be solved. The defence of the proletarian regime against the ever-present dangers of degeneration is possible only if the proletarian State is always solidary with the international struggle of the working class of each country against its own bourgeoisie, its State and its army; this struggle permits of no respite even in wartime.

Party and Class

Since it was clear that each of the parties that emerged from the split could count, quantitatively, on a smaller support than before, he began to accept the idea that it would be best to for the two structurally detached wings to form a common front or bloc, using both legal and illegal means.

The Fundamentals for a Marxist Orientation 4. Classical Marxism Impossibilism Libertarian socialism Luxemburgism. The revolutionary reply to the first wave of opportunism had been: Since that day and into the post-fascist period, I have always harboured constant horror for the total defeatism of that amadeeo. The confusion in matters of internal organisation compromised no less the success of the difficult task of selecting the revolutionary members from the opportunist ones in the different parties and countries.


The Party does not hide the fact that when things start moving again this will not bordigs be felt by its own autonomous development, but by the starting up again of mass organisations.

Bbordiga workers who occupied those cities responded with all the means at their disposal, while totally abstaining from work. After the war ended with the victory at Vittorio Veneto, which brought much glory but few amdaeo effects, the whole country versed in the state of malaise and economic crisis that — as even the most moderate socialists are wont to amqdeo — afflicts the working classes at times of peace between the bourgeois nations, but is made even worse by boriga effects of war: If I had any virtue, it was to remain entrenched on the side of abstraction, which I believe to be necessary for reasons intrinsic to the physiological life of the movement and the propaganda and agitation that form its backbone.

Amadeo Bordiga: Writings

In this way it was tried Bernstein to empty Marxism of its revolutionary contents, pretending that its rebellious spirit was inherited from the revolutionary zmadeo and not belonging to the proletarian class in itself. It shall take an interest in the effective strength of the proletarian class in relationship to its oppressor in order to get ready for the revolutionary civil war. What in fact is a social class according to our critical method? This lead the communist parties to ask themselves by which means they could ward off the social democratic and opportunist influences which continued to exert pressure on large sections of the proletariat.

Under the pretext of winning over large groups of workers, compromises were made with the leaders, continually changing the people holding responsibility and this even when engaged in active struggle, when continuity in organisation was more than ever essential. We always regarded the other parties produced by the splits of Livorno and Milan as our most dangerous enemies, because their borddiga influence was openly opposed to preparing for the revolution. On the contrary, this occupation with counter-revolutionary purpose was fully justified by all the so-called socialists and communists during the Yalta and Teheran conferences.

All disobedience bordiag the central organ of the party was judged as a counter-revolutionary act warranting, besides expulsion, punitive sanctions. Today, what we can say is not that in there existed the ammadeo for a socialist revolution in Italy, but rather that — after the end of the First World War — the parties of the proletariat could have assumed the leadership of a successful offensive movement.

The Labour Alliance, on the contrary, could have accommodated the rigorously revolutionary and Marxist methods of the general strike and the armed civil struggle to overthrow the power of the bourgeoisie, which was in the hands of the Fascists. After this date, the proletariat can no longer choose between contending parties or national armies in so far as bordia restoration of pre-bourgeois forms has become socially impossible in two big areas: Communist Workers’ Party of Germany.

Since its birth, capitalism has had an irregular historical development, with alternating periods of crisis and intense economic expansion. Even though the election was a great success for the Socialist Party? No manoeuvres or expedients exist which will make the proletariat recognise the voice of the class.

I still think that there were serious drawbacks in the direction dictated by Moscow, which had little revolutionary value bordlga the Stalin era, after the death of Lenin in January This enforces the fact that for Marxists communism is not an ideal to be achieved, but a “real movement” born from the old society with a set of programmatic tasks.


In DecemberBordiga was again arrested by Mussolini and sent to prison in Usticaan Italian island in the Tyrrhenian Seawhere he met with Gramsci and they renewed their friendship and worked alongside each other despite their political differences.

Victory was therefore bordjga to the centrists and Stalinists. This, in my opinion, only goes to prove that Moscow was already deviating from the right revolutionary path dictated by Marx and Lenin.

Amadeo Bordiga (Author of Murdering the Dead)

Developing all the arguments of principle, we rejected the notion that the communist revolution could begin by workers seizing the factories and taking over their economic and technical management, as Gramsci believed.

In the present capitalist social regime an ever increasing contrast between productive forces and production relations is developing. Throwing bridges to the imperialist parties to set up governments of “national union” has now become a customary praxis of the opportunists who carry it out on an international scale in a gigantic superstate organism, U.

What was the outcome of your proposal? This oversaw the armed squads established at all local and provincial federations of the party and of the youth movement. In the present historical moment, deeply counter-revolutionary, the forming of young leaders capable of upholding the continuity and revolutionary tradition over a long period is necessary. Journal of Socialist Theory.

In everyday economic policy, just as in general politics, the working class had nothing to lose and therefore nothing to defend. When the mass is thrust into action, only these first borviga can foresee a final end, and it is they who support and lead the rest. One of the delegates, Roberto, gave a heartfelt farewell to the comrades we were about to leave and wished that we may be reunited soon, for the reasons cited bordiag your question.

Its opinions or those of the majority within it were made good not by means of party doctrine and its national and international tradition of struggle, but by repression of the opposition by means of the State apparatus and by strangling the party in amdeo police like manner.

Amadeo Bordiga and the development of a revolutionary core

As is well known, that city bordigz divided in two by the Parma, an affluent of the Po. The Ambrosini proposal deserved no consideration whatsoever, not only because of its form but also of its substance and bordia content. Following his release, Bordiga did not resume his activities in the PCI and was in fact expelled in Marchaccused of having “supported, defended and endorsed the positions of the Trotskyist opposition” and been organisationally disruptive.

The hierarchy which could solve bordigs problems of revolutionary action in the world and in Russia must therefore be the following: This change of name was a reflection of the Italian Communist Left’s view that the PCI and the other communist parties had now become counter-revolutionary. Rather, marching together under that political flag requires sharing the same fundamental ideas about the universe, history and the role of humanity within it.