connected, and political theory has a religious and theological motivation. That implies “Al-Mawardi’s Theory of the Caliphate”, Sir Hamilton Gibb has pointed. Abu al-Hasan Ali Ibn Muhammad Ibn Habib al-Mawardi known in Latin as Alboacen ( CE), was an Islamic jurist of the Shafi’i school most remembered for his works on religion, government, the caliphate, and public and constitutional law during a time of political turmoil. the Mu’tazila school of thought, the great (orthodox) Shafi’i jurist al-Subki (d. /) start a discussion philosophically about political ethics and Muslim character First, al-Mawardi influenced by philosophical thought.

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Main Features of his concept of Imamat are as under: Al-Mawardi was a well known judge of Baghdad. The holy Quran is not to answer the question whether there is any need of Imamate? He was eventually appointed chief qadi of Baghdad, mawarrdi subsequently was entrusted with various responsibilities all behalf of the Caliphate: The caliph is to consult him in state administration.

If he nominated anyone, nobody could challenge his nominee on this issue. He simply gave his personal opinion. Posted by Khushal at There is no ground to question his bona fidesyet it would have been more commendable if he had given the actual authorities. Those who recognize the absolute authority of the Caliph as Head of the Muslim nation naturally concede him the right, in his capacity as ruler, to appoint a successor. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to thory article.

This principle mawradi enthusiastically contented by Khawarij who believed in complete democracy and universal franchise. The forty years of the Pious Caliphate rightly represented the true spirit of Islamic polity. He should punish those who snatch rights of the others. The Abbasid Caliphs fetched the reign of the Islamic empire, killed these ideas altogether and the concept of the covenant was completely forgotten.


Garnet Publishing,xv. After the ascendancy of Islam, it brought about a complete revolution in human thought and knowledge. There was a problem with your submission. It may be noted here that the idea of rebellion has always been most abhorrent to Muslim rulers throughout history, because after the theroy of the Pious Caliphs, many a ruler denied the right of the people to participate polutical the affairs of the State.

The Imam should personally look into and apprise himself of the affairs of his dominions so that he may himself direct the national policy and protect the interests of the people. This was a clear departure from the principle of the Caliphate enunciated by al-Mawardi in the earlier part of his book.

Political science: Al-Mawardi

Thus when he tries to demonstrate that the Imam should not indulge in luxurious living and he reminds the readers of the order which God gave to the Prophet David A. Elected by the majority of the electorates or. Through this Institution Allah almighty want to run the early administration in a proper way.

He is silent how to depose the imam. And among you there is none like Abu Bakr towards whom the people may look with love and reverence, therefore, if anyone of you swears allegiance to a person without consulting the general body of Muslims, such a person shall not be deemed as elected, and the likelihood is that both these persons may politiacl beheaded.

Saturday, June 25, It is significant to note that al-Mawardi hardly quotes anywhere any of these jurists, but since he was the greatest judge of Baghdad, his declaration in the preface was taken as sufficient guarantee of his veracity. The defence of the frontiers against foreign invasions to guarantee the security of life and property of Muslims and non-Muslims alike in the Islamic State. Such a person is called imam or sovereign. This office is of much importance. The fast developing ideals of Islamic democracy were blasted and superseded by the imperialistic systems of the Umayyads, the Abbasids, the Fatimids and others.


The imam can appoint the Electoral college as well as the persons who may contest for the Imamate. If the Imam is captured by a Muslim rebel army, and the rebels have not appointed an Imam of their own, the captured Imam shall continue to command the loyalty of the people, and an acting Imam shall be appointed by him, if possible, or by the Electoral College.

Ibn Qutaibah, op, cit. Finance is to deal with dhimis.


The Imamate is instituted by means of election. He is to administer state affairs with full powers. Imam must be a symbol of morality and justice.

They however, took pains to preserve the original pattern of succession b y nomination and limited election within the House of Umayyad.

Only a small portion of the work is, however, devoted to political theory, the rest of it discusses plitical details of public administration and rules of government. Al-Mawardi describes two methods. He did not discuss the meaning, scope, jurisdiction, and obligations of the State, gave no conception of sovereignty, and were completely ignorant of the idea of a constitutional democracy.

If there is minister having the aforesaid qualities, he will assist the ruler and will work hard for the uplift of the people. If the same agreements popitical hazardous for the cause of Islam and the Muslims.

The Imam may be addressed as the Khalifat Allahbut the majority of jurists say that this title is forbidden, for no human being can represent God on Earth, since man is mortal and imperfect.