Apr 20, (a) KITAB-UL-HIND was written by AL-BIRUNI in Arabic language KITAB-UL- HIND is simple and lucid and a voluminous text divided into 80 chapters on. Sep 30, Most of the works of Al-Biruni are in Arabic. Kitab Tarikh Al-Hind and Aims of Writing it. Al-Biruni’s Kitab-ul-Hind is simple and lucid. It is divided. were incorporated in Mahmud’s Indian army; and Al- beruni—what Geography. Kitab-almanshurdt. marching to Hind or India proper we start from the.

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It had lost the glory that it once had and it seemed to want befuni wish away the foreigners by erecting mental walls against them. Babylonian astronomy Egyptian astronomy Hellenistic astronomy Indian astronomy.

For the university, see Al-Beroni University. There is hardly a subject which he left untouched. These guilds, we are informed do not live with the rest hinx the community and generally had their living quarters on the periphery or outskirts of towns and villages.

Al-Beruni’s long account is divided into 80 chapters each with a sub-heading indicating the topics which it relates. Most of the works of Al-Biruni are in Arabic although he wrote one of his masterpieces, the Kitab al-Tafhim apparently in both Persian and Arabic, showing his mastery over both languages.

In his major extant astronomical work, the Mas’ud CanonBiruni utilizes his observational data to disprove Ptolemy’s immobile solar apogee. They do not ask permission to enter house but when they leave it, they ask permission to do so.

Japan, Korea, China are prime examples.

Through The Eyes Of Travellers

Student was kind enough to check my English. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Promotion of scholarship was essential for rulers at that time. At the same time he pointed out that within Islam all men were considered equal, differing only in their observance of piety. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. He has given a detailed account of hjnd and his sources for xl particular information included works of Varahamihira, Charak, Sripala, and the Puranas.


Al-Biruni adopted a structure in each chapter, beginning with a question, following this up with a description based on Sanskritic traditions, and concluding with a comparison with other cultures. So its impossible for him to speak about the entire country as even then India was highly diverse! I shall place before the reader the theories of the Hindus exactly as they uk, and I shall mention in connection with them similar theories of the Greeks in order to show the relationship existing between them.

Furthermore, Ma hmud needed people fluent in Indian languages in order to help him in his military raids and negotiations in al-Hind. Accepting the definite demise of the Afrighids at the hands of the Ma’munids, he made peace with the latter who then ruled Khwarezm.

Al-Beruni and the Kitab al-Hind

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Yet he gives generous information on the Valley: You are commenting using your WordPress. American Federation of Astr.

Sachau, 67 class of people called Hadi, Doma DombaChandala and Badhatau are also mentioned as apart from any guild a caste and generally occupied with dirty work like manual scavenging and cleaning. He also gives information related to education and regional kltab of the Indian society. Much, however, as these classes differ from each other, they live together in the same towns and villages, mixed together in the same houses and lodgings.


Historical Eclipses and Earth’s Rotation. In our Time — Al-Biruni”. A Persian by birth, a rationalist in disposition, this contemporary of Avicenna and Alhazen not only studied history, philosophy, and geography in depth, but wrote one of the most comprehensive Muslim astronomical treatises, the Qanun Al-Masu’di.

Bīrūnī as a source for the study of Indian culture and history | Noemie Verdon –

In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greeks, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. I am the only responsible for the contents of this paper. His work was perhaps the first major exposition of Hindu thought and life by an Islamic scholar and it sheds great light on berun then Hindu society which then was facing a challenge to its very existence from Muslim invaders.

Barriers obstructed Al-Biruni in understanding India. Their haughtiness is such that, if you tell them of any science or scholar in Khorasan and Persian, they will think you neruni be both an ignoramus and a liar.

They are haughty, foolishly vain, self-conceited, and stolid. Finally, written sources and oral informants, rather than befuni observations, appear to constitute the major part of his sources. Their court at Gorganj also in Khwarezm was gaining fame for its gathering of brilliant scientists. What merits and drawbacks, do you find in his account?