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To gain time for the preparations of the defense of the rest of his empire, Heraclius needed the Muslims occupied in Syria. He immediately wrote a letter to Abu Ubaidah asking him to bring Khalid in front of the congregation, his turban, and take off his cap.

You have won and got away safely. Khalid and Allah made them i. Sulaiman, Khalid’s eldest son, was killed during the Muslim conquest of Egypt[] although other sources claim he was slain during the Muslim siege of Diyarbakir in The expedition to Anatolia and Armenia marked the end of the military career of Khalid.

The invasion was to be carried out by four corps, each with its own assigned targets.

Khalid ibn al-Walid – Wikipedia

Although it is believed that relations between Umar and Khalid, cousins, were always something short of cordial, both of them apparently harboured no ill-will towards each other.

Translated by Uru, A. After capturing Emesa, the Muslims moved north to capture the whole of the Northern Syria. Khalid ibn al-Walid as a Meccan commander defeats Muslim force led by Muhammad. He played a vital role in the Meccan victory at the Battle of Uhud against the Muslims. With Central Syria captured, the Muslims had ln a decisive blow to the Byzantines.

May the eyes of the urdj never rest. In other projects Wikiquote. You were honored in life and content in death. Again, at Yarmouk, the terrain hazrag help him in executing his grand strategy of annihilating the Byzantines.

On his way to Constantinople he had a narrow escape vin Khalid, after the capturing Marashwas heading south towards Manbij. In order to save the empire from annihilation, a desperate battle was fought between the Muslim army and that of the defenders of Antioch outside the city near Orontes riverpopularly known as Battle of Iron bridge.


But after gaining victory, Muhammad visited him and treated his wounds which healed quickly. Khalid avoided a pitched battle with a large united Persian force and decided to attack and destroy each of the camps in a separate night attacks from three sides.

14.Story of Hazrat Khalid ibn al-Walid (Khalid bin Walid). Urdu & Hindi

He is believed to have developed them into an almost regular unit called Mubarizun “champions”who would issue personal challenges to the enemy officers.

All three named commanders were slain during the Battle, and Khalid was selected as the commander. Campaigns of Khalid ibn al-Walid. Khalid entered lower Mesopotamia with this force. Abu Ubaidah joined Khalid at Bosra and Khalid, as per the caliph’s instructions, took over the supreme command. rudu

A peace agreement of ten years was concluded between the Muslims and Quraysh of Mecca at the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah in The latter laid siege to Bosra with his army of 4, men. Believing a trap was waiting for them, the Byzantine troops did not pursue. These were highly trained and skilled swordsmen, whom Khalid utilized effectively to slay as many enemy officers as possible, giving a psychological blow to enemy morale.

The women took to the streets, led by the women of the Banu Makhzum Khalid’s tribewailing and beating their chests.

During which he is said to have collected a few hairs of Muhammad as a holy relic, believing that they would help him win his battles. In youth he was admired as a renowned warrior and wrestler among the Quraysh.

He converted to Islamand joined Muhammad after the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah and participated in various expeditions for him, such as the Battle of Mu’tahwhich was the first battle between the Romans and the Muslims. This string of Muslim victories curtailed Persian efforts to recapture lower Mesopotamia and left the Persian capital Ctesiphon unguarded and vulnerable to Muslim attack.

Umar wanted Abu Ubaida to ask Khalid from what funds he gave to Ash’as: For instance his employment of the double envelopment maneuver against the numerically superior Persian army at the Battle of Walaja[] and his maneuver at the Battle of Yarmouk where he virtually trapped the Byzantine army between three steep ravines by stealthily capturing their only escape route, a bridge, at their rear.

At this point Umar is reported to have said: It is unclear what his intentions were, whether it was a full scale expansion plan or pre-emptive attacks to secure more territory to create a buffer zone between the Islamic state and the powerful Sassanid and Byzantine empires.


The Christian Arabs, under this overwhelming response, abandoned the siege and hastily withdrew to Jazira. Five massive armies were launched in Syria from different routes in June to recapture it. Muhammad appointed Zayd ibn Harithah as the commander of the force. Having little hope of help from emperor, Antioch surrendered on 30 Octoberwith the terms that all Byzantine troops would be given safe passage to Constantinople.

During his stay in Iraq, Khalid was also installed as military governor of the conquered territory. He was given the command over the strongest Muslim army and was sent towards central Arabia, the most strategically sensitive area where the most powerful rebel tribes resided.

Abu Ubaidah sent Khalid with his elite mobile guard towards Chalcis. Khalid’s elite light cavalrythe Mobile guardacted as the core of the Muslim cavalry during the invasion of Syria. I’ve fought in so many battles seeking martyrdom that there is no spot in my body left without a scar or a wound made by a spear or sword.

Musaylimah died in the battle, and nearly all resistance from rebelling tribes collapsed.

Urdy Muslim army moved to Fahl with Khalid leading the advance guard, only to find the plain being flooded by Byzantines engineers blocking the Jordan River. Khalid, who was not unduly drawn towards the idols of the Kaabadecided to convert to Islam and is said to have shared this matter with his childhood friend Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl who opposed him. With few military resources left he was no longer in a position to attempt a military come back in Syria.

He also avoided the Mesopotamian route because of the presence of Roman garrisons in northern Syria and Mesopotamia. Muhammad then later ransomed him in exchange for camels, sheep, sets of armour, lances, and a pledge to pay jizyah.