Treatise on Instrumentation (Dover Books on Music) [Hector Berlioz, Richard Strauss] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. The most influential. Book Source: Digital Library of India Item : Hector ioned. Berlioz was one of the first composers to deal greatly with orchestration. In this treatise he talks about what the different sounds that instruments make (tone.

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Treatise on Instrumentation – Wikipedia

It is quite certain that the special effects obtained by this betlioz type of orchestra could not possibly be achieved with any other forces. Harp harmonicsespecially with several harps in unison, are even more magical. All the more so as composers usually do not have the excuse of an original rhythm which they might want to enhance and bring out over subsidiary rhythms.

Mutes are small devices made of wood which are placed on the bridge of stringed instruments to reduce their sonority, and which give treatisse at the same time a sad, mysterious and gentle character; this can be used to good effect in every kind of music.

The tone of the cellos then acquires a very rounded and pure quality without ceasing to predominate. Bberlioz combined with timpani rolls in several parts, as in the work I have just mentioned, and with an orchestration that emphasises the note of terror, they suggest the strange and awesome sounds that accompany the great cataclysms of nature.

In the Adagio of one of my symphonies [the Symphonie Fantastique ], the cor anglais, after repeating an octave lower the phrases of the oboe, like the voice of a young man answering a girl in a pastoral dialogue, then repeats fragments from it at the end of the piece, to the muted accompaniment of four timpani, while the rest of the orchestra remains silent.

It is rather like a bull escaped from its stable and frolicking in a salon.

For composers and music lovers it is therefore an assistant of unquestionable usefulness. Te Deum4th and 8th movement]. I used them for the berioz time in three parts, in the scherzo of a symphony [ Romeo and JulietQueen Mab scherzobar and following], above a fourth, non-harmonic, violin part which consists of a continuous trill on the lower note. Lnstrumentation cannot guess why. It is the voice of heroic love. Our aim in this work is merely to study those instruments that are used in modern music and to try to discover the rules for creating harmonious understanding and striking contrasts between them, by taking into account above all their expressive potential and the individual character of each.


So great is the difference that composers must inevitably take this into account and should not write their dramatic scores in exactly the same way as symphonies, masses and oratorios that are intended for concert halls or for churches. This makes them suitable for compositions of a funereal or awe-inspiring character.

It must also be admitted that in an orchestra a single trombone on its own almost always seems more or less out of place. After this three choruses will be formed composed each of one third of all the singers; and finally the entire chorus will rehearse together.

It may be possible to combine the organ with the different elements that build up the orchestra, and this has been done several times. I believe it is much better to have the ophicleide simply double the lower part, or at least the composer should provide a correct bass line by writing for the three trombones as though they were meant to be heard on their own.

The feelings of absence, oblivion, and painful loneliness which arise in the minds of some listeners when they hear this forsaken melody would not have a quarter of their force if sung by any instrument other than the cor anglais. Composers then naively believe that they have orchestrated their music in an energetic way and written something beautiful! Bornstein Limited preview – To accompany these vocal rehearsals use will be made either of an organ, or of a piano assisted with a few stringed instruments, violins and basses.

The only exception that should be made is for those instruments that are excessively powerful or have a timbre that stands out because of its individuality. The first coach will rehearse on their own the first sopranos, then the second, then the first and second together. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The sounds of the middle range have a proud quality tempered by noble tenderness, and are thus ideal for expressing feelings and ideas of the most poetic kind.

Until Beethoven and Weberall composers, Mozart not excepted, have insisted either in confining it to the demeaning role of filling up, or in making it sound two or three rhythmic patterns, always the same, which are flat, ridiculous, and frequently jar with the character of the pieces where they occur.

That is why Rossini made use of a little bell in G to accompany a graceful chorus from the second Act of William Tellthe refrain of which is “voici la nuit”. These cause each key to sound both the fundamental note and the octave or double octave of the note, or the double octave without the octave, or even the octave above and the octave below simultaneously. Melody did all the same take hold, but the reaction over melody was not long in coming.


Pieces that have a sprightly character, that are vehement or petulant, display in my view when performed on the melodium the bad taste of the player, or the ignorance of the composer, or the ignorance and bad taste of both at once. Meyerbeer is the first to have introduced this sound into the opera house. This method should result first in an excellent quality of performance which could not be obtained under the old system of collective rehearsals; it would not require more than four rehearsals at the most from each player.

Particularly in cases where the chords are brief and separated by silences, it is like hearing strange monsters uttering in the dark groans of barely suppressed rage.

Treatise On Instrumentation

The assistant conductors and orchestral coaches will rehearse on their own, following the same method:. It is less agile than the ophicleide, but its tone is powerful and its range in the lower part is the most extensive available in the whole orchestra. Even Beethoven is very sparing in his used of stopped notes when he is not writing a solo part for the horns.

Views Read Edit View history. Berlioz was instrumenhation known as a great conductor in his time, in addition to a composer. When in a state of agitation it would recall tropical storms. As a result it has become the solo instrument that is indispensable for quadrilles, instrmentation, variations and other second-rate compositions.

This has serious disadvantages. But if they are properly composed, well drilled and well conducted, and if they are playing real music, they should be called powerful ; in truth, the difference between these two words could not be greater. Slow and gentle melodies, which too often are given to wind instruments, are never better expressed than by a mass of violins. With an indefinite pitch and which only produce sounds with various characteristics. It can therefore be used to good effect in many circumstances.

Symphonie fantastiqueOp. At first it is a barely perceptible voice that seems afraid of being heard. It would erupt like a volcano. It can be used for melodies and accents of different kinds, though it cannot match the artless gaiety of the oboe or the noble tenderness of the clarinet. Whatever the effect of this new modulation, it was severely censured by the masters.